Integrated Development Programme

IDP overall objective

  • To promote the capacity of farmers for sustainable farming system and self-help initiatives for the overall improved living condition of residents in the Archdiocese of Ibadan.

IDP Key Project

Partner

Main Objective

Location

Rural Community Development Project

Misereor

Promoting sustainable agricultural production & agro-enterprise development for improved rural livelihood

Lanlate & Igangan areas of Ibarapa East & North LGs of Oyo State

Ikire area of Irewole LG of Osun State

Fodder Innovation Project (Phase 2)

International Livestock Research Institute

Building innovation capacity for the transition from subsistence to semi-commercial market-driven livestock enterprise

Ikire area of Irewole LG of Osun State

Urban & Peri-Urban Agriculture Project (Phase 2)

RUAF - IWMI

Facilitating multi-stakeholders processes on UPA for improved livelihood and safe environment

Odogbo Barracks of Akinyele LG of Oyo State

Self-help Support Project

Manos-Unidas

Stimulating self-help initiatives for community development

Lanlate areas of Ibarapa East LG of Oyo State


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Programme Area

BASELINE SITUATION

General Socio-Economic Conditions

  • Residents generate up to 70% of their income from crop farming in small quantities. They are exploited by middlemen & often borrow for next planting/processing largely due to inability to recover their production cost.
  • They cannot individually or collectively access major markets due to absence of organized market-oriented farmer-led groups to meet logistic demands of major markets & there is near-absence of storage facilities.
  • Ikire zone is in the rain forest, while Lanlate & Igangan zones fall within the derived savannah zone.
  • In Ikire, most men are mainly cocoa growers while women concentrate more on palm oil processing.
  • Lanlate & Igangan areas are very prominent for farm produce such as cashew, mango, maize, vegetables and cassava which they often process into local flour such as ‘Lafun’ & ‘Gaari’.
  • The rural roads are generally seasonal.
  • It can be reliably said that there is near-zero existence of basic infrastructure & up to 40% of existing houses are very old & have cracked under heavy heat.
  • For example in Labode, apart from the fact that the student population has dropped, the school presently have about 80 pupils schooling under the trees.
  • The nearest health centre to Igbodudu is about 20-25km away. The Health post at Igbodudu which is planned to serve all the 18 communities under Igbodudu Parapo has already collapsed.
  • There is acute portable water shortage especially during the dry season. There is loss of man-hours and stress as women and children trekked kilometres in search of water to cook and drink.
  • Promotion Of Soil And Water Conservation Practices
  • Promotion of soil and water conservation practices in the areas has repeatedly been confronted with conflicting/inconsistent government policies & public propaganda on fertilizer, agrochemical & tractor usage.
  • There is a high labour requirement for production in large quantity due to old age of most of the farmers in some communities, which necessitated the need for measures that can attract youths into agriculture.
  • Majority of people in Ibarapa areas (Lanlate, Igangan) are very individualistic & it therefore takes persistent efforts & time to effectively mobilize them into functional groups.
  • Some Agencies (government – not on agriculture & community development) that have worked earlier or who occasionally move in to work in these communities make use of approaches (doing things for people) that contradict the spirit of self help being propagated by RCDP.
  • Some Agencies (government – not on agriculture & community development) that have worked earlier or who occasionally move in to work in these communities make use of approaches (doing things for people) that contradict the spirit of self help being propagated by RCDP.

Rural marketing

  • Marketing of agricultural produce in Southwest Nigeria is dominated by cartels of registered middlemen who prevent farmers to sell their produce directly at major markets. Individual farmers with their small quantity of produce can access local markets from where the organised middlemen cartel takes over.
  • Relationship between farmers as producers & marketers (middlemen) is largely restricted to - supply on the side of farmers and exploitation on the side of middlemen. In some few cases, producers under financial pressure sells at farm gates though at lesser prices to evade the stress & high cost of transportation to open market.
  • Generally, farmers go into production without prior knowledge of market situation for their produce. So, they produce, harvest and carry it to the market where there is nobody to buy it and if at all, the price will be ridiculous.
  • Farmers usually produce, harvest and carry their produce to the market without any added value.

RCDP Beneficiaries

  • Now, RCDP works with 425 peasant farmers in 24 groups spread across 22 rural communities.
  • Over the last 9 years, the number of beneficiaries has being on the increase across the zones by over 500%.
  • The number of farmers groups has now grown from 12 in the year 2000 to 24 farmers groups.

Different Participatory Tools

  1. To take farmers through these learning processes, various appropriate participatory tools are employed such as:
  2. Focused Group Discussions
  3. Reflection/Brainstorming sessions
  4. PRA/PLA
  5. Trainings
  6. Exchange & learning visits etc.


RCDP Reflective Learning Process

rcdp 


The Reflective Learning Process Explained

Under the RCDP strategy, reflective learning for groups starts with

1. Facilitating Platform for Joint Learning

2. The Seeing Stage: where farmers are helped to see their present situation

3. Then, the Thinking Stage: At this stage, the group reflects on the consequences and causes of their present situation

4. Then, the Acting Stage

  • At this point, the group search for information and solution
  • And the go ahead to take decisions & practical actions
5. The process of scaling out these practices is then facilitated through farmer-to-farmer extension.